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Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Science History: Einstein’s mathematician | Mathematics - Cosmos

Emmy Noether overcame sexism and antisemitism to become a towering mathematician – and Einstein’s friend. Jeff Glorfeld, freelance journalist based in California, US. reports.

Emmy Noether, photographed in about 1930.
Photo: Pictorial Parade /Getty Images
Amalie Emmy Noether was born on 23 March 1882, in the Bavarian city of Erlangen.

Her father, Max Noether, was called “one of the finest mathematicians of the nineteenth century” by Leon Lederman and Christopher Hill in their book Symmetry and the Beautiful Universe, and she was to follow in his footsteps.

A story in journal Science News on 23 June 2018 carried the headline: “In her short life, mathematician Emmy Noether changed the face of physics”.

As with so many women in science, however, it was no easy road.

Prevented from formally studying mathematics at university, for the simple reason that she was female, Noether instead went to a general finishing school and in 1900 was certified to teach English and French.

She was later allowed to audit classes in mathematics at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, where her father taught, eventually earning an undergraduate degree...

In 1918 Noether published her work, of which American theoretical physicist Frank Wilczek, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said: “That theorem has been a guiding star to twentieth and twenty-first century physics.”
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Related link  
Meet mathematician Emmy Noether, mother of the most beautiful theorem in the world.   

Source: Cosmos