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Sunday, September 23, 2018

Suggested Books of the Week 38, 2018

Check out these books below by Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press and MIT Press.

Photo: Storyblocks.com
Eigenvalues, Multiplicities and Graphs

Eigenvalues, Multiplicities and Graphs
The arrangement of nonzero entries of a matrix, described by the graph of the matrix, limits the possible geometric multiplicities of the eigenvalues, which are far more limited by this information than algebraic multiplicities or the numerical values of the eigenvalues. This book gives a unified development of how the graph of a symmetric matrix influences the possible multiplicities of its eigenvalues...
It gathers and organizes the fundamental ideas to allow students and researchers to easily access and investigate the many interesting questions in the subject.
  • Provides a unified development of theory of eigenvalues, multiplicities, and graphs
  • Includes new information, including non-trees and geometric multiplicities
  • Offers numerous examples to demonstrate applications of the theory
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Fourier Integrals in Classical Analysis 

Fourier Integrals in Classical Analysis
This advanced monograph is concerned with modern treatments of central problems in harmonic analysis. The main theme of the book is the interplay between ideas used to study the propagation of singularities for the wave equation and their counterparts in classical analysis...
This second edition includes two new chapters. The first presents Hörmander's propagation of singularities theorem and uses this to prove the Duistermaat–Guillemin theorem. The second concerns newer results related to the Kakeya conjecture, including the maximal Kakeya estimates obtained by Bourgain and Wolff.
  • Offers a self-contained introduction to harmonic and microlocal analysis that is accessible to graduate students
  • The second edition presents an expanded treatment of microlocal analysis
  • Includes new chapters on Hörmander's propagation of singularities theorem and the Duistermaat–Guillemin theorem, and on results related to the Kakeya conjecture
Read more...
 
Ready, Set, Improvise! - The Nuts and Bolts of Music Improvisation


Ready, Set, Improvise!
The Nuts and Bolts of Music Improvisation

Description  
As an essential resource for music educators, this book provides an easy-to-follow guide to music improvisation instruction.
  • Applies to both general music and instrumental settings
  • Comprehensive Appendix with a variety of repertoire
  • Lesson plans and activities included in every chapter
  • Includes companion website for educators
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Statistics in Music Education Research 

Statistics in
Music Education Research
Description In Statistics in Music Education Research, author Joshua Russell offers a new course book that explains the process of using a range of statistical analyses from inception to research design to data entry to final analysis using understandable descriptions and examples from extant music education research.
  • All examples from within the field of music education
  • Offers step-by-step instructions for application and understanding
  • Comprehensive companion website with data sets
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Robot Rights 

Robot Rights
A provocative attempt to think about what was previously considered unthinkable: a serious philosophical case for the rights of robots. 
We are in the midst of a robot invasion, as devices of different configurations and capabilities slowly but surely come to take up increasingly important positions in everyday social reality—self-driving vehicles, recommendation algorithms, machine learning decision making systems, and social robots of various forms and functions. Although considerable attention has already been devoted to the subject of robots and responsibility, the question concerning the social status of these artifacts has been largely overlooked. 
In this book, David Gunkel offers a provocative attempt to think about what has been previously regarded as unthinkable: whether and to what extent robots and other technological artifacts of our own making can and should have any claim to moral and legal standing.
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The Beauty of Numbers in Nature - Mathematical Patterns and Principles from the Natural World 

The Beauty of Numbers in Nature 
Mathematical Patterns and
From a zebra's stripes to a spider's web: an engaging examination of patterns in nature and the mathematics that underlie them. From a zebra's stripes to a spider's web, from sand dunes to snowflakes, nature is full of patterns underlaid by mathematical principles. In The Beauty of Numbers in Nature, Ian Stewart shows how life forms from the principles of mathematics. Each chapter in The Beauty of Numbers in Nature explores a different kind of patterning system and its mathematical underpinnings. In doing do, the book also uncovers some universal patterns—both in nature and made by humans—from the basic geometry of ancient Greece to the complexities of fractals.
Stewart draws on a wide range of sources to examine the mathematics of patterns: the Pythagoreans' obsession with numbers as the philosophical basis of the universe; a great mathematician who wondered about how a violin makes music; a clerk in a patent office who realized that space and time can get mixed together; a maverick mathematician who questioned why nature spurns such regular geometric shapes as spheres and cylinders in favor of jagged lightning bolts, asymmetrically branching trees, and the uneven terrain of mountainsides. 
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I hope you enjoy reading this!  

Source: Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press and MIT Press 


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7 New Books We Recommend This Week | Book Review - New York Times

Follow on Twitter as @GregoryCowles
Suggested reading from critics and editors at The New York Times by Gregory Cowles, Senior Editor, Books.

If representative democracy requires informed citizens, a crop of new books is here to help with the informing. This week’s recommended titles include Jill Lepore’s expansive new history of the United States, Doris Kearns Goodwin’s consideration of four presidents who weathered national crises, a memoir about growing up in a Kansas farming family and a treatise about the importance of public spaces like libraries or parks. There’s also a look at the nature of authoritarian leaders, a reappraisal of Wendell Willkie’s 1940 run for president, and Adrienne Rich’s “Essential Essays” — a posthumous collection from a towering poet whose nonfiction drew in equal measure on her capacious heart and mind to engage with art, culture and politics. Let’s give her the last word, from an essay she wrote after refusing the National Medal for the Arts in 1997:

“In the long run art needs to grow organically out of a social compost nourishing to everyone, a literate citizenry, a free, universal, public education complex with art as an integral element, a society honoring both human individuality and the search for a decent, sustainable common life. In such conditions, art would still be a voice of hunger, desire, discontent, passion, reminding us that the democratic project is never-ending. For that to happen, what else would have to change?”
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Source: New York Time   


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13 New Books Everyone Will Be Talking About This Fall | Books - TIME

As we say goodbye to summer and embrace foliage, cozy sweaters and pumpkin-spiced beverages, we also say hello to a slate of new must-reads. 


From big-name celebrity memoirs (including Michelle Obama’s highly anticipated Becoming) to a fascinating dive into the life of Thomas Cromwell and the return of an acclaimed detective novelist, there’s a page-turner for every reader. 

Here are 13 of the top books coming in fall 2018. 

Fiction
Killing Commendatore, Haruki Murakami  


The acclaimed 1Q84 author is back with his 14th novel translated into English. This two-part epic follows a lonely painter whose discovery of a hidden painting sends him on a mystical quest. (Oct. 9)  
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Source: TIME


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The best books of the week | Living - New York Post

Follow on Twitter as @msullivandawson
The Books Editor Mackenzie Dawson summarizes, "Check out the week's best books." 


An Absolutely Remarkable Thing
Twentysomething April May becomes insta-famous when she encounters a giant alien/robot one night in Manhattan and videotapes her encounter with the droid, whom she names Carl. As it turns out, there are Carls all over the world. What they are doing here remains to be seen.   


American Like Me: Essays
A collection of essays from immigrants — including actress and political activist America Ferrera — reflecting on the experience of growing up between cultures.

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Source: New York Post  


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Saturday, September 22, 2018

Philosopher of the Month: Arthur Schopenhauer [slideshow] | OUPblog

Panumas King, marketing executive for philosophy at Oxford University Press says, "This September, OUP Philosophy honors Arthur Schopenhauer (1788 – 1860) as the Philosopher of the Month."

Photo: Frankfurt on the Main: Saalhof as seen from the Eiserner Steg (Iron Bridge), in the background the spire of Frankfurt Cathedral. CC-BY-SA-3.0 via Wikimedia.

Schopenhauer was largely ignored by the academic philosophical community during his lifetime, but gained recognition and fame posthumously. He arrived at his philosophical position very early on and his philosophy can be seen as a synthesis of Plato and Kant, whom he greatly admired, along with the Upanishads and Buddhist literatures.

Schopenhauer only wrote one seminal work of philosophy, The World as Will and Representation, which he published in 1818. The work was intended as a continuation of Kant’s ‘transcendental idealism’: ‘My philosophy is founded on that of Kant, and therefore presupposes a thorough knowledge of it.’ Kant argued that the world is not the ‘thing-in-itself’, but rather a complex of mere appearances. Schopenhauer, however, tells us that the world must be viewed at a deeper level, as will. What determines and governs our actions is will –  a range of emotions and desires which result in actions...

Schopenhauer did, however, offer ways to escape this suffering; one temporary and the other permanent. A temporary solution is through aesthetic contemplation, whereby our faculty of knowledge stops oneself from perceiving the world as just representation and allows one to be fully immersed in the beauty and sublime nature of art.
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Source: OUPblog (blog) 


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Machine Learning Confronts the Elephant in the Room | Artificial intelligence - Quanta Magazine

"A visual prank exposes an Achilles’ heel of computer vision systems: Unlike humans, they can’t do a double take" argues Kevin Hartnett, senior writer at Quanta Magazine covering mathematics and computer science. 
 

Photo: Eric Nyquist for Quanta Magazine

Score one for the human brain. In a new study, computer scientists found that artificial intelligence systems fail a vision test a child could accomplish with ease.

“It’s a clever and important study that reminds us that ‘deep learning’ isn’t really that deep,” said Gary Marcus, a neuroscientist at New York University who was not affiliated with the work.

The result takes place in the field of computer vision, where artificial intelligence systems attempt to detect and categorize objects. They might try to find all the pedestrians in a street scene, or just distinguish a bird from a bicycle (which is a notoriously difficult task). The stakes are high: As computers take over critical tasks like automated surveillance and autonomous driving, we’ll want their visual processing to be at least as good as the human eyes they’re replacing.

It won’t be easy. The new work accentuates the sophistication of human vision — and the challenge of building systems that mimic it. In the study, the researchers presented a computer vision system with a living room scene. The system processed it well. It correctly identified a chair, a person, books on a shelf. Then the researchers introduced an anomalous object into the scene — an image of an elephant. The elephant’s mere presence caused the system to forget itself: Suddenly it started calling a chair a couch and the elephant a chair, while turning completely blind to other objects it had previously seen.

“There are all sorts of weird things happening that show how brittle current object detection systems are,” said Amir Rosenfeld, a researcher at York University in Toronto and co-author of the study along with his York colleague John Tsotsos and Richard Zemel of the University of Toronto...

They’ve also provoked researchers to probe their vulnerabilities. In recent years there have been a slew of attempts, known as “adversarial attacks,” in which researchers contrive scenes to make neural networks fail. In one experiment, computer scientists tricked a neural network into mistaking a turtle for a rifle. In another, researchers waylaid a neural network by placing an image of a psychedelically colored toaster alongside ordinary objects like a banana.

This new study has the same spirit. The three researchers fed a neural network a living room scene: A man seated on the edge of a shabby chair leans forward as he plays a video game. 
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Source: Quanta Magazine


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Fly like a bird: Artificial intelligence to assist drones navigating air currents | Drones - We Talk UAV News

"From many millennia humans have looked to birds soaring in the sky and had dreams of flying" observes Feilidh Dwyer, Author at WeTalkUAV.Com.

Photo: We Talk UAV News

In the past 115 years, humankind has gotten pretty good at the whole powered flight thing. However, there is still plenty of knowledge we can draw from the natural world to help us fly more efficiently.

The Conversation reports that researchers based in California and Italy have sought to better understand the way soaring birds (such as albatross, hawks or eagles) find and navigate thermal updrafts to soar.

Thermals can form and dissipate at short intervals. If you’ve ever observed soaring birds fly, you’ll notice they don’t constantly flap their wings to stay aloft. Rather, they keep their wings outstretched and intuitively navigate wind currents and thermal updrafts, meaning they can stay flying for long periods while expending very little energy...

The implications of this research are numerous. If conventional aircraft were to be more efficient at using data from thousands of hours of flying, and using machine learning to better detect thermal updrafts, they could potentially use less energy (fuel) on long journeys which would mean a little less carbon being pumped into our precious atmosphere. Nature continues to show us the way!
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Source: We Talk UAV News


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Resonant Games Released by The MIT Press | Massachusetts Institute of Technolog

Our long awaited book, Resonant Games, is now available at all of the usual outlets, as MIT Press reports.

Resonant Games
Design Principles for Learning Games
that Connect Hearts, Minds, and the Everyday
Resonant Games is coauthored by lab members Eric Klopfer, Jason Haas, Scot Osterweil and Louisa Rosenheck.  This book distills “principles for designing educational games that integrate content and play and create learning experiences connecting to many areas of learners’ lives.”  It uses the context of a decade’s worth of educational game design to define a set of principles that others can use in studying, selecting and creating educational games.

Summary  
Principles for designing educational games that integrate content and play and create learning experiences connecting to many areas of learners' lives. 

Too often educational videogames are narrowly focused on specific learning outcomes dictated by school curricula and fail to engage young learners. 
This book suggests another approach, offering a guide to designing games that integrates content and play and creates learning experiences that connect to many areas of learners' lives. These games are not gamified workbooks but are embedded in a long-form experience of exploration, discovery, and collaboration that takes into consideration the learning environment.  
Resonant Games describes twenty essential principles for designing games that offer this kind of deeper learning experience, presenting them in connection with five games or collections of games developed at MIT's educational game research lab, the Education Arcade.
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Photo: MIT News Office
MIT named No. 3 university by US News for 2019 by
Undergraduate engineering program is No. 1; undergraduate business program is No. 2.

Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology


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MathWorks Expands Deep Learning Capabilities in Release 2018b of the MATLAB and Simulink Product Families | AI Deep Learning - insideBIGDATA

MathWorks introduced Release 2018b of MATLAB and Simulink written by
 


The release contains significant enhancements for deep learning, along with new capabilities and bug fixes across the product families. The new Deep Learning Toolbox, which replaces Neural Network Toolbox, provides engineers and scientists with a framework for designing and implementing deep neural networks. Now, image processing, computer vision, signal processing, and systems engineers can use MATLAB to more easily design complex network architectures and improve the performance of their deep learning models.

MathWorks recently joined the ONNX community to demonstrate its commitment to interoperability, enabling collaboration between users of MATLAB and other deep learning frameworks.
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Source: insideBIGDATA


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Artificial Intelligence - How Far Will It Go? | Break Room - Toolbox

Robert Johnny Jr., Cyber Security Analyst, Alight Tech summarizes, "Artificial intelligence has been the hot topic in the information technology arena since quite some years." 

Photo: Pexels

Day by day the concept of artificial intelligence is getting powerful with new concepts and innovations. Now we know we have smart computers which can read, write, see, listen, speak and sense. Amazon echo or Google Donut is a good listener and gives us answers for our queries. Facial recognition is also a trending factors in the upcoming smart phones which is an application of Artificial Intelligence. The concept and meaning of Artificial Intelligence in times. 

What is Artificial Intelligence?
A computer or a software simulated with human intelligence is called Artificial Intelligence. If a computer or a software recognize something and act or make decision over that is application of Artificial Intelligence. Speech recognition is one of the example. Now a days banking sector and other companies are using this AI application for their customer support.
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Source: Toolbox


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