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Wednesday, January 13, 2021

The problem of algorithmic opacity, or "What the heck is the algorithm doing?" | Machine intelligence and AI - Diginomica

Summary:
Opacity in AI used to be an academic problem - now it's everyone's problem. In this piece, I define the issues at stake, and how they tie into the ongoing discussion on AI ethics.

Neil Raden, active industry analyst, consultant and widely published author and speaker and also the founder of Hired Brains Research says, Opacity in AI is a formal, academic description of what is more commonly referred to as, "What the heck is the algorithm doing?" It's a problem that is at the root of many ethical issues with AI.

Man solving complex problem finds surreal keyhole to success
Photo: © frankie's - Shutterstock.com

It appears as a robust classification and ranking mechanisms, such as search engines, credit card fraud detection, market segmentation, spam filters, all used in insurance or loan qualification advertising or credit. These mechanisms of classification are calculated on computational algorithms, most often machine learning algorithms...

What's in a machine learning algorithm? Two parallel processes are driven by two different algorithms: or two distinct algorithms: learners and classifiers. Inputs (features) are processed by the classifiers, producing results referred to as a category.

Read more... 

Source: Diginomica

IISc offers online advanced certification in deep learning | Education - The Indian Express

Enrolments for the first cohort are open now and classes will commence in March 2021 at talentsprint.com. As part of the course, learners can bring a problem they or their origanisation is facing or can choose from a curated problem by Education Desk.

Applications open for the course.
Photo: Pexels/Representational

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore launched a postgraduate level advanced certification program in deep learning. This 10-month executive education program will be offered online in partnership with TalentSprint. Enrolments for the first cohort are open now and classes will commence in March 2021 at talentsprint.com.

A team of 10+ interdisciplinary faculty from IISc and TalentSprint will teach participants through live and interactive online classes and mentor them too, the latter informed. The course also includes the option of building their own projects. The program will enable participants to establish a portfolio that demonstrates their learnings.

The course includes a bridge course on programming and mathematical preliminaries, paradigms of machine learning, deep learning and its application, deploying AI systems, mathematical foundations, and data visualisation.

Read more... 

Source: The Indian Express

Artificial intelligence puts focus on the life of insects | Biology - EurekAlert

Scientists are combining artificial intelligence and advanced computer technology with biological know how to identify insects with supernatural speed by EurekAlert.

Photo: Insect monitoring cameras in a remote area in East Greenland.

Scientists are combining artificial intelligence and advanced computer technology with biological know how to identify insects with supernatural speed. This opens up new possibilities for describing unknown species and for tracking the life of insects across space and time

Insects are the most diverse group of animals on Earth and only a small fraction of these have been found and formally described. In fact, there are so many species that discovering all of them in the near future is unlikely.

This enormous diversity among insects also means that they have very different life histories and roles in the ecosystems...

Deep Learning

"With the help of advanced camera technology, we can now collect millions of photos at our field sites. When we, at the same time, teach the computer to tell the different species apart, the computer can quickly identify the different species in the images and count how many it found of each of them. It is a game-changer compared to having a person with binoculars in the field or in front of the microscope in the lab who manually identifies and counts the animals", explains senior scientist Toke T. Høye from Department of Bioscience and Arctic Research Centre at Aarhus University, who headed the new study. The international team behind the study included biologists, statisticians, and mechanical, electrical and software engineers.

Read more... 

Additional resources

https://www.pnas.org/content/118/2/e2002545117 

Source: EurekAlert

Deep learning doesn’t need to be a black box | Deep learning - TechTalks

This article is part of our reviews of AI research papers, a series of posts that explore the latest findings in artificial intelligence.


Ben Dickson, software engineer and the founder of TechTalks summarizes, Concept whitening is a technique that helps create interpretable deep learning models without incurring performance penalties.  

Deep learning concept whitening
Photo: TechTalks

Deep neural networks can perform wonderful feats thanks to their extremely large and complicated web of parameters. But their complexity is also their curse: The innerworkings of neural networks are often a mystery—even to their creators. This is a challenge that has been troubling the artificial intelligence community since deep learning started to become popular in the early 2010s.

In tandem with the expansion of deep learning in various domains and applications, there has been a growing interest in developing techniques that try to explain neural networks by examining their results and learned parameters. But these explanations are often erroneous and misleading, and they provide little guidance in fixing possible misconceptions embedded in deep learning models during training.

In a paper published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature Machine Intelligence, scientists at Duke University propose “concept whitening,” a technique that can help steer neural networks toward learning specific concepts without sacrificing performance...

Cynthia Rudin, professor of computer science at Duke University and co-author of the concept whitening paper, had previously warned about the dangers of trusting black-box explanation techniques and had shown how such methods could provide erroneous interpretations of neural networks. In a previous paper, also published in Nature Machine Intelligence, Rudin had encouraged the use and development of AI models that are inherently interpretable. Rudin, who is also Zhi’s Ph.D. advisor, directs Duke University’s Prediction Analysis Lab, which focuses on interpretable machine learning.

Read more... 

Source: TechTalks

A robotic revolution set to change urban lifestyle | Robotics - THE WEEK

Autonomous systems can transform the world for people and wildlife by University of Leeds.

Photo: Josh Sorenson from Pexels

Drones, robots and autonomous systems could transform the natural world in and around cities for people and wildlife, says a new study led by Leeds University.

The study, involving over 170 experts, was conducted as part of Leeds' Self Repairing Cities project, which aims to enable robots and autonomous systems to maintain urban infrastructure without causing disruption to citizens.

Researchers assessed the opportunities and challenges that this cutting-edge technology could have for urban nature and green space

The researchers highlighted opportunities to improve how we monitor nature, such as identifying emerging pests and ensuring plants are cared for, and helping people engage with and appreciate the natural world around them...

The research, published today in Nature Ecology & Evolution, is authored by a team of 77 academics and practitioners.

The researchers conducted an online survey of 170 experts from 35 countries, which they say provides a current best guess of what the future could hold.

Read more... 

Source: THE WEEK

Robots Ready to Grow in 2021 | Technology and IIoT - IndustryWeek

A look ahead at the growing role of robotics post pandemic, as Peter Fretty, Technology Editor at IndustryWeek reports.

Spot 8 Credit To Boston Dynamics
Photo: IndustryWeek

As IW’s 2020 Technology Survey showed robotics continue to serve as a primary area of interest for manufacturers. And for good reason – robotics and on a larger scale automation are a key avenue to recognizing the type of efficiencies organizations need to compete within today’s increasingly digital workplace.

And, fortunately, in its Tech Trends That Will Shape 2021 Report, ABI Research anticipates that COVID-19 will not significantly disrupt the robotics market.  According to Senior Analyst Rian Whitton, the robotics industry can anticipate a significant rebound in 2021 as the negative impact of COVID-19 will slowly dissipate. “As the crisis has unfolded, interest in robotics has skyrocketed, even as deployments have stalled due to installation challenges and companies withholding investments. There have been exceptions with the increased deployment of service robots and systems for certain applications, like ultra-violet disinfection for hospitals and airports,” writes Whitton.

Furthermore, ABI Research predicts the industrial and collaborative robot spaces will continue their strong trajectory in 2021...

Third parties will prove instrumental as robotics manufacturers look to scale, explains ABI’s Whitton. “Looking forward, other third parties like cloud service providers and computing vendors (such as AWS and NVIDIA) are building comprehensive robotics offerings for developers.

Read more... 

Source: IndustryWeek

10 Intro Books On AI To Bring You Up To Speed | Opinions - Analytics India Magazine

Ambika Choudhury, Technical Journalist at Analytics India Magazine notes, Here are 10 intro books on artificial intelligence to kickstart your AI journey.

Photo: Analytics India Magazine

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has come a long way over the past few years in simulating human intelligence. Today, AI is the lifeblood of almost every organisation cutting across sectors including, retail, financial, healthcare, among others.

Here’s an updated list of 10 best intro books on artificial intelligence geared towards  AI enthusiasts.

Read more... 

Source: Analytics India Magazine

Artificial Intelligence Has Yet To Break The Trust Barrier | Enterprise Tech - Forbes

Trust is the glue that holds enterprises and processes together, and lately, more of that trust has being relegated to artificial intelligence. How much decision-making can and should be entrusted to the machines? by Joe McKendrick, author and independent analyst. 

Two business persons in front of futuristic display. Graphical User Interface(GUI). Head up Display(HUD). Internet of things.
Photo: Getty

We often trust AI recommendations for books related to the ones we have purchased. We are learning to trust AI to help guide our trucks and cars, applying warnings and brakings in traffic situations. Our call-center staff trust AI-generated recommendations to upsell the customers they have on the line. We let AI move more valuable customers to the head in line of queues. But how trustworthy is AI? Maybe more, maybe less trustworthy than we perceive it to be — it depends on the situation.

That’s the conclusion drawn by Chiara Longoni and Luca Cian in a recent analysis posted in Harvard Business Review. Consumers, for example, “tend to believe AI is more competent at making recommendations when they are seeking functional or practical offerings.” But they prefer human judgement “when they are more interested in an offering’s experiential or sensory features.”...

Longoni and Cian explored consumer trust with AI in a series of experiments involving 3,000 consumers. Among their conclusions: “Simply offering AI assistance won’t necessarily lead to more successful transactions. In fact, there are cases when AI’s suggestions and recommendations are helpful and cases when they might be detrimental.” 

Read more... 

Source: Forbes

Tuesday, January 12, 2021

Learn To Be a Project Manager with Free LinkedIn Learning Courses | Career success tips - Learning Blog

Rachel Parnes, Senior Brand and Content Marketing Manager at LinkedIn suggest, If you want to get into project management, the opportunity is yours for the taking—3.9 million million project manager jobs have been posted on LinkedIn in 2020. 

Woman working on a laptop in a cafe
Photo: Learning Blog

Based on LinkedIn’s Economic Graph data, project management is among the top 10 jobs that have the greatest number of openings, have shown steady growth over the past four years, pay a living wage, and—best of all, especially in our new world of remote work—require skills that you can learn online.

Whether you’re looking for your first job, your next job, or your dream job as a project manager, we want to help you land it.  

Project managers are catalysts for change...

Learn the skills you need for a career in project management with the below courses. They’re free until December 31, 2021.

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Source: Learning Blog

Michigan Technological University: Powering the next generation of electrical and computer engineers | Universities - Study International News

Giovana Azzi Lemke travelled from Brazil to the US with one goal: to be the best engineer she’s always aspired to be. 

Giovana Lemke
Photo: Michigan Technological University

She first went to the US in 2012, as an exchange student at Michigan Technological University. One year was not enough — there was something about Michigan Tech that kept drawing her back. “After one year at Michigan Tech, I loved it so much that I decided I wanted to come back for my graduate studies,” Lemke says.

After graduating from her undergraduate programme at a Brazilian university, Lemke set her sights on pursuing a Master of Science in Electrical and Computer Engineering with Michigan Tech’s Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. “Michigan Tech seemed to have the biggest array of Power courses offered,” Lemke says.

Fast forward a few years later and Lemke is now an accomplished engineer. “The top three hard skills I believe I have gained at Michigan Tech are technical power systems knowledge, presentation skills, and project management skills due to all the deadlines we were expected to meet as a graduate student,” she says...

What’s behind this impressive track record? Start with the department’s deep links with industry and alumni.

Read more... 

Source: Study International News