"If you're looking for an exercise that's fun, interesting, and will work out your entire brain, grab an instrument and start playing." according to Lifehacker.
How playing an instrument benefits your brain - Anita Collins
Anita Collins at the TED-Ed YouTube channel explains whats going on in your brain when you jam out. When you play music, the entire brain lights up because you're using almost every region of the brain. Specifically the regions dedicated to audio, visual, and motor functions. Naturally, those regions are strengthened as you practice and play your instrument more and more, and that leads to many benefits outside of music. These benefits include a better attention to detail, stronger planning and strategic skills, and a better memory.
Source: Lifehacker and TED-Ed Channel (YouTube)