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Sunday, April 14, 2019

Hiking With Nietzsche by John Kaag review – becoming who you are | Philosophy books - The Guardian

Going through a crisis? Why not head off into the mountains in the footsteps of a great German thinker, writes Steven Poole, British author and journalist.

The Nietzsche track in the Alpes-Maritimes.
Photo: Andia/UIG/Getty Images
If  Friedrich Nietzsche were alive today, what would he think of our times? “The nations are again drawing away from one another and long to tear one another to pieces,” he might observe. “The sciences, pursued without any restraint and in a spirit of the blindest laissez faire, are shattering and dissolving all firmly held belief; the educated classes and states are being swept away by a hugely contemptible money economy. The world has never been more worldly, never poorer in love and goodness … Everything, contemporary art and science included, serves the coming barbarism.”

That passage, from one of the philosopher’s “Untimely Meditations”, was published in 1874 and illustrates the extent to which Nietzsche is always our exact contemporary. The problem with writing books about him, though, is that you just can’t compete with the bleak hilarity and glamorous swagger of his prose, and to reduce the wild forest of his thoughts to single propositions in precis is nearly always to traduce him.

Hiking with Nietzsche:
On Becoming Who You Are
The American philosophy professor John Kaag tries a different tack, aiming to use Nietzsche as a kind of elevated self-help guru, scattering discussions of the philosopher’s life and works through a memoir of the author’s own youth and romantic life. This approach is defended early on by the claim that Nietzsche’s philosophy “is no mere abstraction. It isn’t to be realised from an armchair or the comfort of one’s home. One needs to physically rise, stand up, stretch, and set off.” It is surprising to see a professional philosopher talking of “mere abstraction” here. Few people today will stand up for abstraction, but it is a keystone of all intellectual endeavour, as Nietzsche himself well knew. “There are epochs,” he wrote, “in which the man of reason and the man of intuition stand side by side, the one fearful of intuition, the other filled with scorn for abstraction, the latter as unreasonable as the former is artistic.” (On Truth and Lying in a Non-Moral Sense, 1873.)...

Unnecessarily, Kaag takes us through the airport as they set off on their trip, but the interest intensifies as we begin to breathe with his family the purer air of the mountains. They settle into a fine old hotel, and we hear about Nietzsche’s love affair with Lou Salomé, and accompany the author on a series of solitary hikes. “Christ, it was a long way to the bottom,” he remarks at one point. “Absolute certainty did not live up here.” We learn about his trousers and footwear, and there are good expository accounts of the major Nietzschean works, on tragedy, the genealogy of morals and so on. Kaag has a pleasingly wry, compact style, and is particularly interesting on thinkers that Nietzsche influenced heavily: Herman Hesse and Theodor Adorno.
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The Assistens cemetery, Copenhagen, where Kierkegaard is buried
Photo: Alamy
Philosopher of the Heart by Clare Carlisle review – the restless life of Søren Kierkegaard by Nicholas Lezard, literary critic for the Guardian.
"Kierkegaard had no time for the conventions of ordinary life. But his severity did not stop him being witty." 

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Source: The Guardian