|David Brat and Jack Trammell|
|U.S. scores aren't that bad|
"In K-12 education, our kids are scoring at the bottom of science and mathematics right now in the industrialized world -- at the bottom," Brat said during the Oct. 28 debate at Randolph-Macon College, where both he and Trammell teach.
We asked Brat’s campaign what he got those figures. His spokesman, Brian Gottstein, sent us a column by Stanford University mathematician Keith Devlin that examines the Programme for International Student Assessment, tests in reading, science and math given to 15-year-olds every three years beginning in 2000.
Most of the 34 member nations belonging to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development -- an industrialized group of mostly Western European and North American countries -- participate now. A smattering of other countries, such as Russia, Indonesia and Brazil, and regional educational systems in China also take part. In 2000, 32 countries participated. That grew to 65 nations in 2012, the most recent test year with published results.
Gottstein referred to a particular quote from Devlin’s column: "In 2006, American students ranked dead last, 25th out of 25, in math and 21st out of 30 in science. The U.S. also scored worse than ranked countries outside the OECD (considered to be developing nations) like Russia, Azerbaijan, Slovenia and Estonia. Only 1 percent of American 15-year-olds could perform at the highest level, and 27 countries had a higher percentage of 15-year-olds who performed at level 6. And 28 percent of U.S. students appear to have essentially no math skills at all."
We remember from a past fact-check that American students have typically been middle-of-the-pack performers on international tests. But let’s dig a little deeper into the statistics from this column.
First, let’s look at the United States’ rankings, as reported by the National Center for Educational Statistics:
- 2000: the U.S. scores ranked 14th among the 28 OECD countries and 14th of 32 total nations.
- 2003: 19th among 30 OECD countries and 22nd among 41 overall.
- 2006: 21st among 30 OECD countries and 27th among 57 overall.
- 2009: 17th among 34 OECD countries and 23rd among 65 overall.
- 2012: 20th among 34 OECD countries and 28th among 65 overall.
Both Brat, the Republican, and Trammell, the Democrat, are professors at Randolph-Macon College.